2021 Virtual IASNR Conference Poster Presentations

2021 Virtual IASNR Conference Poster Presentations

The 2021 Virtual IASNR Conference will be hosted on the Whova app. The poster session will take place asynchronously. Each poster presentation will be added to Whova before the conference. Please contact the presenters directly though Whova for Q&A. Please email [email protected] if you have any questions.

Networking Community-Based Conservation Collaboratives in the Western U.S. with Maps

Presenter: Alan Barton (New Mexico Forest & Watershed Restoration Institute)

Author(s): Alan Barton, Elliese Wright

In the 21st century, community-based collaborative organizations that bring stakeholders together to coordinate large-landscape forest and watershed restoration have become common around the western United States. In recent years, several networks have formed to link collaborative groups and provide opportunities for information sharing, cross-network coordination, and peer-to-peer learning. Over the past year, some of these networks have joined together to develop an online, publicly available map of conservation collaboratives in 12 western states. Led by the Southwest Collaboratives Support Network and the Western Collaborative Conservation Network, collaborative groups in these states have completed a survey to collect information on their purposes, landscape types and partnering organizations. Support organizations that provide services to build collaborative capacity have also submitted surveys. The data have been integrated into the map and can be located using search terms so that residents can easily identify nearby collaborative groups, collaborative partners can locate groups working on similar issues, and collaboratives can coordinate restoration and identify resources to assist them in their projects. The map assists individual collaborative organizations in building collaborative capacity and local community development, and serves as a tool to advance efforts to network collaborative groups.

U.S. political party affiliation and park visitation decision-making during the COVID-19 pandemic

Presenter: Alexander Burns (Old Dominion University)

Author(s): Alexander Burns, Chris Zajchowski, Jennifer Huggins

In the United States, variations between state responses to the COVID-19 pandemic continue to create unique dilemmas for citizens, who depend on public places, such as state parks, for recreation, exercise, and healthy leisure opportunities. These variations in policy and management are, in part, related to the politicization of the local, state, and federal public health responses to the virus. Accordingly, in this study, we assessed how political party affiliation impacted park users’ visitation decision-making. Specifically, in Fall 2020, using a modified version of Rice et al.’s (2020) typology of latent psychosocial constructs influencing outdoor recreation decisions during the COVID-19 pandemic, we surveyed campers (n = 114) for their perceived importance of specific decision-making factors related to visitation at First Landing State Park, Virginia. Results indicated no difference between democrats, republicans, independents, libertarians, and those declining to share political affiliation in the high importance they placed on desired health benefits and substitution behaviors contributing to their visitation. The importance of self-reported social norms, perceived risk, and public health messaging from various authorities (the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, the World Health Organization, the Commonwealth of Virginia, the Trump Administration, and Virginia State Parks) in influencing visitation decision-making did, however, significantly differ by political party affiliation. Our findings can assist park managers in Virginia and elsewhere to design and leverage public health messaging that avoids potentially-polarizing constructs (i.e., social norms) and sources (i.e., the CDC) to influence public health and continued access to these highly-valued shared resources during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Listening to Rural Youth and Community Stakeholders: An Analysis of More than 2,000 Survey Responses from Oregon and Maine Youth to Understand Future Goals and Expectations

Presenter: Zachary Davis (University of Maine Orono)

Author(s): Zachary Davis, Jessica Leahy, Kathleen Bell, Mindy Crandall

Rural youth out-migration can intensify workforce shortages, population declines, brain-drain and other issues that threaten the persistence and well-being of rural communities. Between 1990 and 2015, 30% of counties in the contiguous US experienced population loss, with 89% of these counties being non-metropolitan/rural. Despite concerns about youth out-migration and net-migration losses, the educational, career, and residential aspirations of rural youth remain relatively understudied.

In this research, we advance knowledge of rural youth decisions about leaving their hometowns for educational or career reasons in collaboration with stakeholder advisory groups. We incorporate measures of place and community attachment to understand these aspirations. In doing so, we modify the traditional economic empirical models of decisions based on expected wage and amenity differentials to include these attachment measures. Our study area includes two rural, forested US counties. We designed and administered a survey in 2019 following prior research and the Dillman’s Tailored Design Method (with a response rate of 87%). Using 2,027 survey responses provided by middle school and high school students, we used descriptive and statistical tests to assess empirically the associations between educational, career, and residential goals and measures of place and community attachment. We also control for relevant economic factors (e.g., age, income, and stated human capital goals).

Results reveal positive associations between place and community attachment and future plans related to education, career, and residence. Feedback on these results from stakeholders who informed the design of the surveys and research project suggests this work and these results are of interest to rural community leaders. Notably, our findings suggest that by building place and community attachment, rural communities could influence the future educational, career, and migration decisions of rural youth.

Is Adaptive Water Resources Co-management Present in Montana? A Mixed Methods Study

Presenter: Ashlie Gilbert (Montana State University)

Author(s): Ashlie Gilbert, Sarah Church, Bryan Wilson

The social-ecological systems and natural resource management literatures reveal a body of scholarship that promotes adaptive approaches to ecosystem management. Benefits of adaptive management include the potential to maintain or increase ecosystem resilience under change, uncertainty, and complexity. Adaptive co-management is identified as a form of adaptive management that emphasizes collaboration, public participation, and polycentric governance occurring on a localized scale. Although several studies describe watershed management in Montana that reflects components of adaptive co-management, our review of the literature reveals that no formal analysis on the presence of adaptive co-management in the state has been conducted. The Big Sky Watershed Corps program (which pairs AmeriCorps members with watershed protection organizations throughout the state to increase operating capacity and provide professional development) may increase their host site’s capacity to implement key components of adaptive co-management. This study aims to assess 1) the presence of adaptive co-management in Montana’s water resource protection and planning efforts 2) the role of Big Sky Watershed Corps members in adaptive co-management, and 3) the mechanisms by which adaptive co-management is constrained or supported. Our data will be collected via surveys with senior watershed group and conservation district employees in Montana (N=163), in-depth interviews with four key informants from eight watersheds (N=32), and analysis of relevant national, state, and local policy documents. In this poster, we will discuss key components of adaptive co-management identified in the literature, our mixed methods research design, and water resources governance in Montana.

What drives mangrove conservation success? A global assessment of the influence of governance, trade, and public engagement with biodiversity

Presenter: Elizabeth Golebie (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)

Author(s): Elizabeth Golebie, Sophia Chau, Natali Ramirez-Bullon, Miriam Aczel, Jacob Bukoski, Mimi Gong, Noah Teller

Management of mangrove ecosystems is complex, given that mangroves are both terrestrial and marine, inhabit locations that often cross regional or national boundaries, and are valued by local stakeholders in different ways than they are valued on national and international scales. This complexity has resulted in divergent conservation outcomes among the 123 mangrove-holding nations as well as at different sites within a single country. This mixed-methods study addresses the following research question: what drives mangrove conservation success? First, we compared how national-level conservation outcomes were influenced by governance, trade, and public interest, measured by three global datasets: World Bank’s World Governance Indicators, country-level trade data (Lenzen et al. 2013), and public engagement with biodiversity, a composite measure developed by Cooper et al. (2019). We defined mangrove conservation outcome as proportional loss or gain of mangrove cover from 1996 to 2016. Multiple regression showed that public engagement with biodiversity explained 15% of mangrove conservation outcomes in 73 countries, whereas trade and governance were not significant. To understand these patterns, we qualitatively evaluated mangrove governance characteristics through a systematic literature review. Our review included 65 articles that reported a total of 85 case studies representing state-driven (n=41), community-based (n=25), and co-managed (n=14) governance. We thematically analyzed each case study to identify the influence of Lockwood et al.’s, (2010) eight principles of good governance. We found that the principles of legitimacy, fairness, and integration were most important for top-down, bottom-up, and co-managed systems, respectively. Therefore, prioritizing these elements in governance, as well as promoting public engagement with biodiversity through increased community involvement, is essential to successful mangrove conservation.

Understanding the Resilience of a Rural Tourism Destination to Climate Change in Maine, USA

Presenter: Lydia Horne (University of Northern Colorado)

Author(s): Lydia Horne, Sandra De Urioste-Stone, Parinaz Rahimzadeh-Bajgiran, Erin Seekamp, Laura Rickard, Bridie McGreavy

Tourism destinations often consist of a series of host communities that enable visitation by developing tourism products and providing visitor support services. Community resilience is contingent on access to community assets to foster empowerment and evoke a sense of agency. Yet, more information is needed on the key factors that enhance climate resilience in tourism host communities that have limited assets. In this phenomenological study, we conducted semi-structured interviews with tourism stakeholders in six rural tourism host communities in the Bay of Machias, Maine, U.S.A . Phenomenological interviews (17) sought to understand factors influencing climate change resilience in the coastal tourism destination. Despite facing economic, infrastructure, and human capital challenges, the host communities are taking action to adapt to their most pressing climate change threat, flooding, by engaging multiple stakeholder groups to leverage knowledge, skill sets, and social ties. These actions were enabled by social networks centered around shared values, beliefs, and sense of place, as well as engaged local governance, active knowledge sharing, and a sense of self-efficacy. Lessons from this study suggest that leveraging resource sharing through collaboration and developing strong connections to place through livelihoods may enhance resilience of rural tourism destinations.

Collaborative adaptation planning for archaeological sites at US National Parks; a case study of Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site

Presenter: Courtney Hotchkiss (North Carolina State University)

Author(s): Courtney Hotchkiss, Erin Seekamp

Severe climate change impacts are damaging, exposing, and destroying cultural sites where significance is often derived from the material and its context. One type of cultural resource that will need its own adaptation planning is archaeological sites because of the cultural and ancestral ties with living Indigenous groups. Additionally, archaeological sites can be exposed through large storms and erosion which opens them up to looting. Adaptation planning for cultural resources and places will be essential to prepare for and appropriately respond to extreme weather events, a responsibility that has become a priority for the National Park Service (NPS). Adaptation planning that is co-created between NPS work and Tribal Groups will help decide which actions and responses to climate change impacts will best address their needs and values. This poster presentation will provide an overview of the Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site Archaeological Resource Management Plan as one example of collaborative efforts between NPS and the affiliated Tribal Nation to develop an adaptive management plan for stewarding archaeological sites. Semi-structured, qualitative interviews with NPS resource managers were conducted to better understand the process used to collaboratively develop the adaptation response options. Early results from interviews show a need for continuous relationship-building outside of formal consultation, options that allow for quick response to the damage or exposure of sites, and a call for reciprocity.

Spread out to stop the spread: Beach research and management recommendations during the COVID-19 pandemic

Presenter: Brendan Kane (Old Dominion University)

Author(s): Brendan Kane, Chris Zajchowski , Thomas Allen, George McLeod, Nathan Allen

Tourism destinations around the world continue to adapt to the COVID-19 pandemic. Coastal recreational areas, including beaches and boardwalks, likely feature lower rates of disease exposure due to the dispersion and dilution of respiratory droplets through regular airflow; however, indirect and direct management strategies are still necessary precautions to protect tourists and outdoor recreationists from potential exposure to COVID-19. To understand if and how the pandemic has changed beachgoer behavior and provide management recommendations, in Summer 2020, we utilized open source beachcam video and an unmanned aerial vehicle to obtain visual data at the recreational beach oceanfront in Virginia Beach, USA. Data was collected over 24 days and documented usage of a sample test area of the beach and adjacent boardwalk to understand diurnal patterns, locations and density of users, and use of masks in boardwalk users. Results showed a consistent use of the boardwalk throughout the day while the beach had a curvilinear trend peaking in the mid-afternoon. Beachcam data was verified through the UAV photography and spatial analysis, which showed high usage of the beach-adjoining shoreline above high tide with the landward third of beach vacant. These results are consistent with findings from beachgoer research conducted in the years before the COVID-19 pandemic, suggesting behavioral consistency despite the pandemic. Accordingly, our findings can help coastal managers to continue to craft direct and indirect management strategies to reduce the potential for disease transmission, while simultaneously providing access to beach resources during the ongoing pandemic.

Leveraging partnership networks: Using social network analysis as a tool for sustainability science

Presenter: Bridget McGlynn (Brock University)

Author(s): Bridget McGlynn, Julia Baird, Ryan Plummer

Sustainability science actively involves stakeholder involvement and has the potential to assist in regional climate change adaptation. Higher education institution (HEI) – community partnerships provide a mechanism to facilitate such ongoing participation. Social network analysis provides a method to better understand regional decision-making systems. In tandem, leveraging community partnerships to gather, complete, and disseminate more complete network analyses provides a valuable tool for sustainability scientists addressing decision-making challenges. This research presents a case study of the social network analysis of flood planning communication in the St. John River Basin that was completed within the Partnership for Freshwater Resilience, a joint venture between World Wildlife Fund-Canada and Brock University. Network data was collected electronically in Summer 2020 and a directed communication network was constructed from responding organizations (N=53). The communication network contained a broad range of actor types in the core, displaying an active role of watershed organizations and environmental non-governmental organizations in addition to levels of government. Active collaboration with community partners allowed for increased questionnaire participation and additional avenues of knowledge mobilization. This research illustrates methodology innovation for sustainability scientists to collaboratively develop evidence-based governance suggestions for watersheds and other regional landscapes.

Whole farm planning applications of landscape architecture: Design investigations of AgBuffer Builder

Presenter: Patrick Oelschlager (Purdue University)

Author(s): Patrick Oelschlager, Aaron Thompson

This project, one part of a larger Great Lakes Restoration Initiative project, examines agricultural producer preferences for different riparian buffer configurations. AgBufferBuilder, a buffer design tool developed by the National Agroforestry Center, places relatively larger buffers where pollutant runoff loads are greater and smaller buffers where runoff loads are lesser. Resulting configurations are often highly variable and can be twice as effective as conventional buffers, but may be challenging to implement on the ground. Using AgBufferBuilder outputs as a baseline, this project seeks to incorporate additional structural constraints (e.g. tractor turning radius, field accessibility, harvest rate) along with social psychological constructs (norms, financial attitudes) that might impact producer uptake into variable width buffer design. The focus of this presentation is to convey the design parameters that will be presented to study participants during the design phase, specially farmers who will work with the team to assess opportunities for non-linear buffer implementation on their fields. Additionally, we will lay out our plans for collecting social data and how this information will be analyzed to support future work in this area.

Speaking of Language: using language to investigate approaches to climate adaptation

Presenter: Selin Oh (University of Chicago)

Author(s): Selin Oh, Erin Seekamp, Courtney Hotchkiss, David Goldstein, Casey Thornbrugh, Isaac St. John, Michael Durglo Jr

Comparing the use of language can reveal differences in writers’ values, perspectives, and ways of knowing. When it comes to climate adaptation, these differences in values directly affect actions and policies when formed and enacted. This poster focuses on two climate adaptation guides written from Federal and Tribal perspectives to explore the differences in terminology surrounding climate adaptation. Some differences were explicit, including the identification of terms that were heavily emphasized in one document but not even present in the other. Other terms were shared but were derived from different meanings and values, thus demanding explicit deliberation. Neglecting to effectively negotiate contested meanings is potentially harmful to efforts towards climate adaptation. The poster will also unpack three key implications related to three policies, one written from a Tribal perspective and the other two which govern federal agencies. This poster represents an introductory step into the vast area of inquiry concerning the comparison of language between Federal and Tribal perspectives; even so, the need for developing a shared set of terminology is already clear.

Looking Through Their Eyes: Utilizing Participant-Driven Videography for Park and Protected Areas Research

Presenter: Julianna Rogowski (Kansas State University)

Author(s): Julianna Rogowski, Jessica Fefer, Christopher Zajchowski, Ryan Sharp, Cait Henry

Participant-driven videography (PDV) may be a useful tool in park and protected areas (PPA) research. PDV consists of participants employing a camera to record videos about a subject or experience, giving the participant control over what sites are documented and their narration of in situ experience. Given the limited application of PDV to PPA research, this study demonstrates 1) the application of PDV in a multi-case study to explore its’ utility for a qualitative understanding of destination image and visitor experiences, and 2) recommendations for future application of PDV in PPA research and management. For the purpose of this study, PDV was used at two park units in the National Capital Area: Rock Creek Park and Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Historical Park. Destination image theory is used to identify important internal motivating factors and external destination specific variables that contribute to quality experiences and help inform park management strategies and destination image formation. Participants include knowledgeable and invested stakeholders (e.g., friends organizations, recreation interest groups, partnership organizations, etc.). PDV interviews were conducted using a video meeting platform, where the researchers asked stakeholders to take them on a “virtual tour” while identifying areas and attributes of importance. Within the preliminary stage of analysis, a priori coding of videos and transcripts highlights variables important to the visitor experience and destination image formation. Additional SWOT analysis includes exploring strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of applying PDV to PPA research and management. Preliminary conclusions indicate that PDV is a useful tool for gaining unique qualitative insights into visitor experiences that may inform management decisions.

Planning for Uncertainty: A Participatory Approach for Community-Based Climate Change Tourism Planning on Mount Desert Island, Maine, USA

Presenter: Gabriela Wolf-Gonzalez (University of Maine)

Author(s): Gabriela Wolf-Gonzalez, Alyssa Soucy, Valeria Briones, Asha DiMatteo-LePape, Lydia Horne, Sandra de Urioste-Stone

Adaptation planning is critical for developing solutions to deal with the impacts of climate change. It is important to consider that adaptation occurs in a local context and is truly not a ‘one size fits all’ approach. Natural resource-dependent communities are particularly vulnerable to climate change as they must plan for the future under conditions of uncertainty. Mount Desert Island (MDI), a coastal community in Maine, USA, is a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors from all over the world for their abundant outdoor recreation opportunities and thriving downtown areas. Like many tourism-dependent communities, MDI is faced with both challenges and opportunities as they deal with increased tourism given a changing climate. Working closely with community partners, we developed a participatory climate change planning framework to increase the climate planning capacity of tourism-dependent communities on MDI. During a series of virtual workshops, tourism stakeholders in the community identified and prioritized climate change impacts, sensitivities, and adaptive capacities. Specifically, through engaged discussions, participants identified community strengths and resources, as well as potential solutions to address increasing visitation on the island. We present findings based on participant observations, pre-and post-participant surveys, and materials created during the workshops. We discuss these specific outcomes, as well as our experiences conducting transdisciplinary research as a student-led team during a pandemic. Our research has implications for projects that seek to move beyond traditional power structures and engage with community partners as collaborators, rather than subjects to be studied. Additionally, our framework offers guidance for other tourism-dependent communities that wish to co-develop locally relevant, useful climate change solutions.